Fig. 2.1. An arrangement of the index of level of oil (щупа) on the engine
Level of engine oil is checked by the index of level of oil (shchupy), located on the forward party of the engine
. The index of level of oil passes through directing tube in the oil pallet in which oil after greasing of knots of the engine flows down.
Check oil level before start of the engine or not earlier, than through 5 mines after engine switching off. If check to make right after engine switching off, the part of oil remains in the top part of the engine and will not manage to flow down in the pallet therefore the result of measurement will not be correct.
Take the index of level of oil from a directing tube and wipe it pure rags or a napkin.
Fig. 2.2. Level of oil and an arrangement of labels on щупе the index of level of oil on cars till 2001: L — minimum; OK — normal; F — maximum
Insert the blank index of level of oil against the stop into directing tube and take it again. Check level of oil which
, or between two dredging on release cars since 2001
should be between labels of L and F on cars till 2001 of release.
If level of oil is on the bottom label, to the maximum size it will rise at addition about 1,1 more l of oil.
Do not maintain the car with level of engine oil below a label of L or the bottom dredging on the index of level of oil. In this case because of a lack of greasing there is an increased wear of details of the engine and even there can be its jamming.
On the contrary, level of engine oil is higher than a label of F or the top dredging on the index of level of oil leads to an intensive razbryzgivaniye of oil, pollution of spark plugs and leaks through sealing cuffs of a cranked shaft.
For a dolivka of oil uncover the maslonalivny mouth, located on a cover of a head of the block of cylinders. Add necessary amount of oil and establish a cover into place.
Get the engine and let's to it work some minutes. Check, whether there are no leakages of oil round the filter and a stopper of a drain opening on the pallet.
Stop the engine and wait some minutes that oil flew down in the pallet. Check level of oil and add, if it is necessary. Check reliability of an inhaling of a stopper.
Check of level of engine oil — an important element of prevention of the engine. Fast falling of level of oil indicates a leak through sealing cuffs of a cranked shaft, laying of the oil pallet, wear of piston rings or directing plugs of valves.
If color of engine oil changed to dairy or at it there are water drops, means, laying of a head of the block of cylinders is punched, or in a head or the block of cylinders the crack was formed. It is necessary to check immediately a condition of the engine and to eliminate malfunction.
Also at check of level check an oil condition.
For oil quality check before rubbing of the index of level of oil carry out on it a finger. If on a finger there were small firm particles, immediately replace engine oil and the oil filter.