RAV4 PAB4-Toyota Toyota
1. Car operation
2. Maintenance
   General information on operational materials and adjusting data
   Volumes and periodicity of maintenance
   Check of levels of operational liquids
      Engine oil
      Cooling liquid
      Liquid in a windscreen washer
      Electrolit in the storage battery
      Brake liquid
      Oil in the hydraulic booster of a steering
      Oil in an automatic transmission
   Survey of tires and check of pressure of air
   Replacement of engine oil and oil filter
   Check and replacement of rubber tapes of brushes of a screen wiper
   Check and adjustment of a free wheeling of a pedal of coupling
   Check, service and charging of the storage battery
   Check, adjustment of a tension and replacement of a poliklinovy belt of a drive of hinged units
   Check and replacement of hoses in a motor compartment
   Shift of wheels
   Check of a condition of seat belts
   Check of a condition of brakes (each 24 000 km or 12 months)
   Replacement of the air filter
   Check of fuel system
   Check of level of oil in a mechanical transmission
   Check of level of oil in a transfer case of cars with an automatic transmission
   Check of a condition of a suspension bracket and steering
   Check of protective covers of power shafts
   Check of level of oil in reverse main gear on all-wheel drive cars
   Replacement of the filter of ventilation of salon on cars since 2001
   Replacement of brake liquid
   Replacement of the fuel filter on release cars till 2001
   Check and replacement of spark plugs
   Check and replacement of a cover and rotor of the distributor of ignition
   Replacement of cooling liquid and washing of system of cooling
   Check of system of regeneration паров fuels
   Check of system of production of the fulfilled gases
   Oil and filter replacement in an automatic transmission
   Oil replacement in a mechanical transmission
   Oil replacement in a transfer case on all-wheel drive cars with an automatic transmission
   Oil replacement in reverse main gear on all-wheel drive cars
   Check and replacement of the valve and hose of ventilation of a case (PCV)
   Check and adjustment of gaps in a drive of Valves
3. Engines
4. Cooling and conditioning systems
5. Fuel system and system of production of the fulfilled gases
6. Ignition system
7. The monitoring system and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
8. Coupling
9. Transmission
10. Driveshaft and shaft of a drive of driving wheels
11. Brake system
12. Suspension bracket
13. Steering and running gear
14. Body
15. Electric equipment
Electric equipment schemes




Toyota RAV4>> Maintenance>> Check of levels of operational liquids>> Engine oil

Fig. 2.1. An arrangement of the index of level of oil (щупа) on the engine


Level of engine oil is checked by the index of level of oil (shchupy), located on the forward party of the engine (fig. 2.1) . The index of level of oil passes through directing tube in the oil pallet in which oil after greasing of knots of the engine flows down.
Check oil level before start of the engine or not earlier, than through 5 mines after engine switching off. If check to make right after engine switching off, the part of oil remains in the top part of the engine and will not manage to flow down in the pallet therefore the result of measurement will not be correct.
Take the index of level of oil from a directing tube and wipe it pure rags or a napkin.

Fig. 2.2. Level of oil and an arrangement of labels on щупе the index of level of oil on cars till 2001: L — minimum; OK — normal; F — maximum


Insert the blank index of level of oil against the stop into directing tube and take it again. Check level of oil which (fig. 2.2) , or between two dredging on release cars since 2001 should be between labels of L and F on cars till 2001 of release.
If level of oil is on the bottom label, to the maximum size it will rise at addition about 1,1 more l of oil.

       PREVENTION
Do not maintain the car with level of engine oil below a label of L or the bottom dredging on the index of level of oil. In this case because of a lack of greasing there is an increased wear of details of the engine and even there can be its jamming.

On the contrary, level of engine oil is higher than a label of F or the top dredging on the index of level of oil leads to an intensive razbryzgivaniye of oil, pollution of spark plugs and leaks through sealing cuffs of a cranked shaft.
For a dolivka of oil uncover the maslonalivny mouth, located on a cover of a head of the block of cylinders. Add necessary amount of oil and establish a cover into place.
Get the engine and let's to it work some minutes. Check, whether there are no leakages of oil round the filter and a stopper of a drain opening on the pallet.
Stop the engine and wait some minutes that oil flew down in the pallet. Check level of oil and add, if it is necessary. Check reliability of an inhaling of a stopper.
Check of level of engine oil — an important element of prevention of the engine. Fast falling of level of oil indicates a leak through sealing cuffs of a cranked shaft, laying of the oil pallet, wear of piston rings or directing plugs of valves.
If color of engine oil changed to dairy or at it there are water drops, means, laying of a head of the block of cylinders is punched, or in a head or the block of cylinders the crack was formed. It is necessary to check immediately a condition of the engine and to eliminate malfunction.
Also at check of level check an oil condition.

       PREVENTION
For oil quality check before rubbing of the index of level of oil carry out on it a finger. If on a finger there were small firm particles, immediately replace engine oil and the oil filter.