The starter represents the electric motor of a direct current with the mixed excitement with the electromagnetic traction relay. The starter consists of the case or a stator with windings of excitement, an anchor with the obgonny coupling, covers with shchetkoderzhatel and the traction relay.
At starter inclusion through a winding of the traction relay of a starter the current from the storage battery starts to proceed. The anchor of the relay is involved and contacts of the relay become isolated. At the same time the relay anchor via the lever moves the obgonny coupling with a gear wheel. The nave of the obgonny coupling turns on screw shlitsa of a shaft of an anchor of a starter as well a gear wheel that facilitates input it in gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel. Through the closed contacts of the traction relay there is a current feeding windings of a stator and an anchor and an anchor of a starter starts to rotate together with a nave and the obgonny coupling.
After engine start frequency of rotation of a gear wheel exceeds frequency of rotation of an anchor of a starter. In this case the obgonny coupling is freely turned, and the torque is not transferred from an engine flywheel to a shaft of an anchor of a starter. After an ignition key otpuskaniye the power-supply circuit of windings of the traction relay via the switch of ignition is disconnected, the anchor of the traction relay is wrung out by a spring in a starting position, contacts of the relay are disconnected and the gear wheel of a drive leaves gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel.
Removal of a starter make as follows:
Switch off ignition and disconnect a "weight" wire from the storage battery.
Remove the control unit cruise control and, without disconnecting from it a cable, take aside.
Remove a broad tank.
Disconnect electric sockets from the traction relay of a starter.
Fig. 15.19. An arrangement of bolts (one bolt is not visible) starter fastenings on models since 2001
Installation make in sequence, return to removal.