Fig. 1.1. Governing bodies, devices and the equipment on release cars since 2001: 1–regulator of illumination of devices; 2–Podrulevy switch of a passing/driving beam of headlights; 3–combination of devices; 4–safety cushion of the driver / sound signal; 5–ignition lock; 6–Podrulevy perklyuchatel of cleaners and washers of glasses; 7–central lattices of ventilation; 8–autoradio tape recorder; 9–safety cushion of the passenger; 10-ware box; 11-lateral lattices of ventilation; 12-switch of the alarm light system; 13-control panel heating and ventilation; 14-lighter; 15-selector lever; 16-ashtray; 17-lever of the parking brake; 18-button of turning on of the conditioner; 19-handle of opening of a cowl; 20-switch of back antifog lamps
The main governing bodies and a combination of devices are given by the car on
Fig. 1.2. Combination of devices: 1–speedometer; 2–tachometer; 3–index of level of fuel; 4–indicators of maintenance and other light indicators; 5–index of an operating mode of an automatic transmission; 6–the index of temperature of cooling liquid; 7–control lamp of inclusion of forward fog lights; 8–control lamp of inclusion of a driving beam of headlights; 9–button of dumping of the odometer of daily run; 10-odometer of the general run and two odometers of daily escape
The combination of devices includes the following elements:
1–The speedometer shows instant speed of the car.
The arrow of a tachometer should not enter into a red zone of a scale at all.
Timely switching on higher transfer allows to save fuel and reduces engine and transmission noise.
To pass to lower transfer follows as it is possible after, shortly before the moment of emergence of breakthroughs in operation of the engine.
In a running in it is necessary to avoid operation of the engine with high frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft.
3–Index of level of fuel.
The index works at the included ignition. Capacity of a fuel tank of the car makes about 58 l.
4–Signaling devices of maintenance and other light signaling devices:
– signaling device of malfunction of brake system.
At the switched-on parking brake and ignition the lamp burns. It should go out, when the parking brake is switched off.
The lamp burns constantly when falling level of brake liquid. In this case stop the car, check and, if necessary, finish to normal level of brake liquid. Check tightness of all knots of a drive of brakes and their connections;
– signaling device of a discharge of the storage battery.
The lamp lights up at ignition inclusion, after engine start-up — dies away. The drive of the generator is carried out by means of a durable maple belt.
If during movement the lamp lights up, stop, switch off the engine and check a condition of a maple belt.
If the tension of a belt weakened or it is broken off, to continue movement it is impossible — the pump of system of cooling of the engine also thus is not put in action. If necessary replace a belt.
If the lamp burns, and a belt of a drive of the generator in good repair, it is possible to continue movement to the next service enterprise for what for reduction of a discharge of the storage battery, it is necessary to switch off everything minor consumers of the electric power;
– a signaling device of low pressure of oil in the engine.
If the lamp burns in spite of the fact that oil level in the engine in norm, to continue movement it is impossible. Operation of the engine in this case even idling is not allowed — the qualified help is necessary.
If at movement this lamp lights up, stop, switch off the engine and check oil level, if necessary finish it to the normal;
– malfunction signaling device.
The system of automatic control at the included ignition and at movement constantly supervises performance of certain functions and a condition of separate elements of the car.
About violations in work and need of carrying out repair or maintenance this lamp in a combination of devices lets know;
– signaling device of low level of fuel.
At fire of this lamp fill the car with fuel;
– signaling device of an open door.
Even if one door is not closed, the lamp will burn and will go out after closing of all doors.
5–Index of an operating mode of automatic transmission.
Specifies on what transfer at movement of the car the automatic transmission or in what it is situation at the standing car works.
6–The index of temperature of cooling liquid.
The index works at the included ignition.
If the arrow is in the bottom dark blue area of a scale avoid increase of frequency of rotation of the engine and engine loading.
If the arrow is in the top zone of a scale — the temperature of cooling liquid is too high — stop the car, switch off the engine and establish the reason of temperature increase of cooling liquid.
At car movement in normal conditions of the shooter should be in an average zone of a scale.
At big load of the engine and high temperature of external air, probably, from time to time an arrow arrangement in red top area of a scale;
– control lamp of inclusion of forward fog lights;
– control lamp of inclusion of a driving beam.
The lamp burns at the included driving beam of headlights and when giving a light signal.
Fig. 1.3. Use of the counter of daily run
9–Button of dumping of the odometer of daily run
The button of dumping of odometers of daily run serves for dumping of indications on a zero, and also for display switching from one odometer on another. To switch the display from one odometer to another, quickly press and release the button. By each pressing of the button the display is switched from odometer A indications to indications of the odometer B and back. To dump the odometer A on a zero, cause on the display of the indication of the odometer A, then press and hold pressed the dumping button until indications will not be dumped on a zero. Odometer B dumping is in the same way made.
10-Odometer of the general run and two odometers of daily run.
The odometer of the general run shows the general run of the car.
Two odometers of daily run show two various distances, the indications of each odometer passed independently from each other from the moment of the last dumping on a zero. You can use one odometer for fuel consumption calculation, and another for measurement of daily run. At power supply shutdown all these both odometers are lost.